Case Study

The Triangle of Meaning

The triangle of meaning (or triangle of reference) illustrates the three components of how a word could mean something. The triangle consists of one or more referents, the reference, and a corresponding symbol.

The Values of Democracy

The ideal of liberty: No-one should be subject to rules which have been imposed by others. People should have autonomy over their own decisions. The ideal of equality: Everyone should have the same opportunity to influence the decisions that affect people in society.

Ivan Pavlov's Classical Conditioning Theory

Classical conditioning is also sometimes referred to as Pavlovian or respondent conditioning. It is a theory founded by Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov. In simple terms, classical conditioning happens when two stimuli are paired together to create a new behaviour in a person or an animal.


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