The triangle of meaning (or triangle of reference) illustrates the three components of how a word could mean something. The triangle consists of one or more referents, the reference, and a corresponding symbol.
The ideal of liberty: No-one should be subject to rules which have been imposed by others. People should have autonomy over their own decisions. The ideal of equality: Everyone should have the same opportunity to influence the decisions that affect people in society.
Classical conditioning is also sometimes referred to as Pavlovian or respondent conditioning. It is a theory founded by Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov. In simple terms, classical conditioning happens when two stimuli are paired together to create a new behaviour in a person or an animal.